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7 Best programming languages for beginners to learn in 2021

The world is expanding digitally and with every aspect of our lives becoming digital, the demand for computer experts is skyrocketing each day. Therefore, having knowledge of programming languages has become crucial for every IT professional. In fact, programming languages sit at the epicentre of this ever-growing field of Computer Science.

If you are a beginner in programming, learning a new language or a new framework is essential. As a fresher in the field of programming language, make sure that you remain steady in both learning and coding. However, it can be daunting and confusing for you to choose the best one out of a pool of hundreds of programming languages out there.

Here are the top 7 programming languages that you can hang in 2021 and learn them to improve your coding skills:

1. JavaScript
JavaScript is the most used programming language in the world. Even famous social media platforms such as Facebook, Google, or YouTube, use JavaScript in their infrastructure. JavaScript is famous for its various frameworks, such as Node.js, and you get a language capable of server-side scripting too. Not only this, with the use of JavaScript, one can also build full-scale games in an external game engine or the browser using JavaScript. JavaScript is mainly used for Front-end and back-end web development, mobile apps and developing games

2. Python
The ever-growing importance of data in business has resulted in a quick rise in popularity and demand for Python. Python is used in server-side development, web and mobile app development to building machine learning software, there’s nothing Python can’t do. Also, this programming language has a vast collection of libraries, tools, and frameworks that make it a must in the field of Data Science and Machine Learning.

Along with being exceptional at handling Data, it’s also incredibly versatile. Therefore, based on potential and demand, Python is one language to learn in 2021 and it’s intuitive and elementary to learn, even for beginners. Python is mainly used for data science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, back end development, web/ mobile app development and Internet of Things.

3. Go
Go is a short form of Golang, and the tech giant Google developed it in 2007 as an alternative to languages like Java, C, and C++. Projects like Kubernetes, Docker, and Blockchain use Go to support multi-threading and concurrent running of processes effortlessly. For beginners, Go is one of the best programming languages to learn in 2021 because of its features such as simplicity, speed, dynamism, and rising popularity. Also, Go is lightweight and excellent for writing network applications. Go is mainly used for graphics, machine learning, mobile applications, network and system programming.

4. Java
If we talk about Java as a programming language, this is one of the oldest object-oriented programming languages. It is still one of the most popular and highly sought-after. It holds the #2 rank in the PYPL popularity index in June 2021. Java as a programming language is omnipresent in web, Android apps, banking and finance software, desktop, and so on.

Moreover, you get scalability, robust memory allocation, numerous libraries, APIs, and high security with Java. Java can also be efficiently used in handling vast amounts of data and can run on any operating system. Therefore, Java will always remain relevant and in high demand because of its multitude of efficient features. Java is mainly used for Android App Development, Web Development, Software and Finance & e-commerce.

5. Kotlin
We cannot deny the fact that Android is the highest-selling and most used operating system globally and Google has declared Kotlin as the primary language for Android development. Hence, for those who want to jump into Android development, the best programming language is Kotlin. This is a cross-platform general-purpose coding language that gives you full interoperability with Java.

Also, the use of Kotlin is increasing in fields such as server-side development, web and cloud development, data science, etc. Therefore, learning Kotlin in 2021 can take you a long way in furthering or starting your career as a developer. Kotlin is mainly used for android app development, software and web development, data science and server-side development.

6. PHP
Tech giants such as Yahoo, Wikipedia, and Facebook value the PHP programming language. PHPs syntax is very clear and easy to learn and almost 80% of all websites use PHP. On the other hand PHP offers many powerful frameworks such as Laravel, making your life even easier. Moreover, PHP is compatible with all prominent databases, packs a punch with loads of automation tools for deploying and testing your applications. PHP is mainly used for backend web development and server-side scripting.

7. C#
C# is commonly known as “C sharp”. This was built by Microsoft and inspired by the C programming language. However, C# is way more advanced than the C programming language. Also, it is dynamic and fully integrated with the .NET framework. C# is loved by most developers as it is used for making 2D and 3D games using the Unity gaming engine. Not only this, it is prevalent for desktop and mobile app development, too. C# holds 4th position in the PYPL popularity index at this moment, the demand and growth of C# as a programming language is certainly going to scale with time.

So, if you are a beginner and planning to learn a programming language, try hands-on with C# in 2021. C# is mainly used for 2D and 3D game development, web development, desktop and mobile apps VR. Well, gaining knowledge of multiple programming languages has also become a trend among techies in recent years. Also, it is important to brush up on your programming knowledge every now and then by taking skill tests and by participating in challenges and hackathons. If you are a programming enthusiast, TechGig can be your one-stop platform to fulfil all your learning and upskilling needs.


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