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Learn these programming languages to perform efficient backend development.

Backend development includes the process of using languages and frameworks to facilitate the development of robust systems for web applications. Web development activities at the backend of programs are referred to as backend development. It covers server-side web application logic and integration activities, like writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components, unlike frontend development. Backend developers build codes using programming languages that allow databases and applications to communicate with one another. With the rising development in technology, the usefulness of backend programming languages is increasing. In this article, we have listed the top backend programming languages that aspiring professionals should learn in 2022.

  • JavaScript

JavaScript is one of the most trustworthy programming languages. Coders and developers use this language for both server-side and frontend tasks. It offers many advantages, including rich interfaces, virtual availability of enormous resources, and interoperability. Furthermore, it is also considered one of the top programming languages in the industry.

  • Python

Python is quite famous among individuals for its compatibility with advanced technologies like machine learning, IoT, data science, and others. Leading tech giants rely on Python for its functionality. One of its major advantages is that it can be used for web development due to its huge collection of standard libraries that makes the developers’ work more efficient and easier.

  • Ruby

Ruby is another widely-used programming language for backend development. Time efficiency is one of the main advantages of using Ruby. The language facilitates the users with a variety of coding tools to accelerate the backend development process. Ruby is a convenient programming language where data types are not defined while declaring the variables.


  • Java 

Java is another ideal programming language. It is an object-oriented programming language that is widely used for developing enterprise-scale web applications, desktop applications, scientific applications and much more. The main advantage of using Java is that it offers multithreading that allows two or more threads to run simultaneously to maximize CPU usage.

  • PHP

PHP is an open-source server-side scripting language that is specifically designed for web development. The language does not require a compiler and includes features such as cross-platform compatibility, OOPs, and provides support for various standard databases such as MySQL, SQLite, and others.

  • Rust

Rust is famous for being a multi-paradigm programming language. The language guarantees memory safety by using a borrow checker for validating the references in itself. The error messages are much more evident in Rust than in other programming languages.

  • Kotlin

Kotlin is a well-known programming language that is especially used for Android app development. The language allows the developers to add extensions to the classes without modifying the source code. Kotlin is quite efficient for writing complex programs.

  • C#

C# is one of the most widely used languages for creating system backends due to its incredible features, such as Windows server automation. It is quite efficient to use since it can run codes faster. Some other features which make the language special are cross-platform compatibility, garbage data, and value collection, to name a few.

  • Solidity

Solidity is another beneficial programming language that is used to write complex programs and applications. The language is mostly preferred by experts and professionals who are focused on developing blockchain or contract applications.

  • Perl

Perl is a multipurpose programming language originally designed for text manipulation. But it is used for various activities, including system administration, network programming, web development, GUI construction and so much more. Perl can handle encrypted web data that enables secure e-commerce transactions


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